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Employers often face difficult decisions about how to discipline or discharge problem employees.  Employers may struggle with balancing 1) concerns about litigation risk and 2) goals of operating an efficient workplace.  Employers who follow basic steps can significantly limit exposure to litigation by disgruntled employees.  Our employment attorneys provide training and guidance to human resources professionals who are addressing employee discipline issues, either on a regular basis or in isolated instances.


Strong documentation involves planning and preparation. However, documentation before a dispute can often mean the difference between a dispute that 1) follows a clear path governed by strong documents or 2) take more time and expense to resolve because documentation is absence or is poorly worded (or worse, it violates state or federal laws).  Our attorneys regularly assist clients in preparing and reviewing documentation designed specifically for a client’s industry and needs.


Employment Handbooks do not need to follow a specific format.  They can be short and sweet or lengthy and comprehensive. They must contain some elements. A non-comprehensive list of mandatory provisions includes the following:

  • At-Will Employment Status
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Provisions
  • Provisions against Sexual and other Harassment
  • FMLA, if applicable
  • Acknowledgement by the Employee
  • Women’s Economic Security Act – Notice of law prohibiting employers from requiring non-disclosure of wages as condition of employment.

Other provisions in an employee handbook are optional and might include the following categories of coverage:

  • Call-in Procedures
  • Confidentiality
  • Wages
  • Performance Evaluations
  • Personal Appearance
  • Breaks
  • Smoking
  • Employee Parking
  • Visitors
  • Tuition Reimbursement
  • Company Vehicles
  • Expense Reimbursements
  • Layoffs/Terminations/Resignations
  • Attendance
  • Alcohol/Drug Testing
  • Leave (Sick, Holiday, Vacation)
  • Safety/Work Place Violence
  • Transfers

Many employers have adopted employment handbooks that have become outdated and no longer comply with current laws and structure.  These employment handbooks can represent a hidden liability for employers.  Our attorneys can assist employers in updating handbooks to confirm that they comply with all laws applicable to Minnesota employers.

Misconduct and Improper Behavior in the Workplace

Our attorneys assist employers in evaluating claims of wrongdoing and guide employers as they investigate the claims.  By taking simple steps during the investigation, employers can significantly reduce risks that a specific employment action (or inaction) will lead to litigation. Read more about our role as Investigators.

Employee Disciplinary Communications

Disciplinary communications to employees can be prepared in a way that eliminates risk.  Where an employee is disciplined for just cause, legal risks of a legitimate lawsuit are virtually eliminated.  However, good documentation is helpful in establishing that a disciplinary decision is based on just cause and not discriminatory intent. Our attorneys assist employers in structuring disciplinary memos and letters to conform to company policies, the facts and the law applicable to any potential claims.

Choosing to Discharge

Where the decision is made to discharge an employee, our attorneys provide advice and assistance in all aspects of the discharge decision, including in its implementation.  Our attorneys can participate in the discharge meeting and act as primary third-party communicator during the meeting when appropriate.

Separation Agreements

Our attorneys regularly assist clients in preparing separation agreements that comply with Minnesota and federal law.  Our attorneys carefully evaluate the employee’s role and any risks associated with the termination decision when drafting a separation or severance agreement.

Terminating an Employee

When an employee is terminated, an employer should take specific steps to 1) ensure compliance with the law and 2) promote a smooth transition for the employee. The payment of final wages must occur within the timelines established under Minnesota law and notices should be given regarding continuation of benefits and ongoing obligations (in areas such as confidentiality or non-competes). At times, property must be returned by the employee.

An employee may request a personnel file or request the true reason for the employee’s termination under Minn. Stat. Sec. 181.933.  Employers should be ready to comply with these laws, and our attorneys can provide guidance and continuing advice to assure a smooth exit from employment by the affected employee.

Contact Us

To learn more about our employee discipline and discharge services we provide for Minnesota clients, please  contact us online or call us at 952-432-3136.